The AICHR is pleased to submit the Annual Report 2015 for the consideration of the ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting (AMM) in accordance with the Terms of Reference of the AICHR (Article 6.6). This reporting period (July 2014 - 2015) is marked by three special occasions for the AICHR. First and foremost is the upcoming commencement of the ASEAN Community at the end of 2015, which highlights the growing importance of Community - building efforts by various organs and bodies of ASEAN including those pertaining to human rights which are a fundamental principle of the ASEAN Community by the AICHR.
The 14th Informal ASEM Seminar on Human Rights held in December 2014 in Hanoi, Viet Nam was timely and relevant. The results reflected in this publication serve to deepen the understanding of the linkage between human rights and business in Asia and Europe. On behalf of the organisers, I would like to acknowledge all those whose efforts ade this dialogue possible and fruitful.
This report documents the presentations and discussions made during the Workshop on the Role of National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) in Promoting and Protecting the Rights, including Health, of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex (LGBTI) People in Asia and the Pacific held from 24-25 February 2015 at the United Nations Conference Centre in Bangkok, Thailand.
The report represents an opportunity for the World Bank to provide policy guidance to governments in the digital age and ensure that investments in Internet technologies promote social and economic opportunity, civic participation, and good governance.
The longstanding persecution of the Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar has led to the highest outflow of asylum seekers by sea since the U.S. war in Vietnam. Human rights violations against Rohingya have resulted in a regional human trafficking epidemic, and there have been further abuses against Rohingya upon their arrival in other Southeast Asian countries.
On 26 August 2015, it will be three years since the Shi’a community from Sampang district in East Java, Indonesia, was attacked and forcibly evicted from their homes by anti-Shi’a mobs. At least 168 people, including 51 children, were attacked by around 500 people with sharp weapons and stones. One person was killed and several injured, whilst several homes were also destroyed. Amnesty International calls on the Indonesian authorities to take considerable steps on behalf of the forcibly evicted Shi’a community.
We, the Foreign Ministers of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), met on 4 August 2015 at the 48th ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting (48th AMM) in Kuala Lumpur. His Excellency Dato’ Sri Anifah Aman, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Malaysia chaired the meeting.
This publication contains the struggles of four cases presented by the aggrieved communities in Cambodia, Indonesia, and the Philippines, and deliberated by an international panel of experts during the Asian People's Land Rights Tribunal. These cases have all exhausted various grievance mechanisms, seeking justice for the violations committed on people's land and human rights. A set of recommendations for the communities as well as national government and international organizations, are addresses in this publication.
The briefing paper looks into how these national laws and measures are impacting the indigenous peoples in Bangladesh, India, Thailand and the Philippines.
Although all states in the ASEAN voted for the adoption of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) in 2007, most of them still refuse to respect and implement the indigenous peoples’ collective rights, especially to their lands, territories and resources and to self-determination. Several ASEAN states, underpinned by legal systems inherited from colonial times, have arrogated to themselves the right to allocate, regulate and determine ownership, use, control and development of land and resources.
The immediate objective of the report is to provide a comprehensive picture of the current situation of Human Rights Defenders (“HRDs”) in Burma, including the threats and risks that they face. The report also provides concrete, practical, research-based, solution-oriented policy recommendations for HRDs, the Burma authorities, and any other relevant actors, to enhance HRDs’ access to adequate and realistic protection programs, and to strengthen legislative and judicial protection mechanisms for HRDs in Burma.
The Jakarta Recommendations are the outcome of discussions at a regional consultation on “Expression, Opinion and Religious Freedoms in Asia”, held in Jakarta, Indonesia on 3 - 5 June 2015. Over 140 people, comprised of experts, including the UN Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, David Kaye, as well as human rights defenders and civil society activists from across Asia, participated in the regional consultation.
ASEAN Ministers overseeing the responsibilities of combating transnational crime and Representatives from Brunei Darussalam, Kingdom of Cambodia, the Republic of Indonesia, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, the Republic of the Philippines, the Republic of Singapore, the Kingdom of Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam met in Kuala Lumpur on 2 July for the convening of the Emergency ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Transnatuonal Crime (EAMMTC) concerning Irregular Movement of Persons in Southeast Asia.
Between 2013 and 2014, FORUM-ASIA documented 324 cases of violations and abuses against HRDs as well as new instances of restrictive legislation and policies affecting civil society in Asia. The documented violations and abuses range from intimidation, threats, physical assault, arbitrary arrest and detention, criminalisation, judicial harassment, disappearances, death threats and killings of human rights defenders and members of their family.
In this briefing paper, Civil Rights Defenders highlights the rapid spread of information and communications technology (ICT) in Vietnam, its transformative and empowering impact on human rights activism and access to information, and the government’s repressive response to Internet based activism.
In response to the alarming rise in the irregular movement of persons in the Indian Ocean, the Royal Thai Government organized the Special Meeting on Irregular Migration in the Indian Ocean on 29 May 2015 in Bangkok.
Various processes have swept over Southeast Asia in the last four decades, producing pressures not only in the economic but also in the political and social milieus. When these processes congealed, transnational social movements (TSMs), which earlier had not paid much attention to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), began to give it more serious attention. This paper examines two TSMs, Migrant Forum in Asia, which already engages in international processes while also focusing on ASEAN, and the Task Force on ASEAN Migrant Workers, which was formed to respond specifically to newly opened regional spaces.
These refugees’ voices of concern are based on real fears, as the ongoing conflict threatens peoples’ lives and the situation on the ground in Burma indicates increased militarization by Burma Army as human rights violations continue with impunity, while a fragile peace process threatens the sustainable return of refugees with dignity and in safety. Furthermore, over 643,000 people remain internally displaced in Burma, some living in potential refugee return areas and the country’s so-called reform continues to backslide.
Do Hereby Agree to:
Strengthen ASEAN unity and solidarity and its central role in maintaining and promoting peace, stability and prosperity in the region;
Enhance ASEAN's common agenda for peace and prosperity, which promotes political and social stability, inclusive political processes; sustainable growth which provides opportunities for all and upholds dignity; and social justice with emphasis on mutual respect, balance and moderation;
WE HEREBY AGREE TO:
Continue establishing a people-oriented, people-centred and rules-based ASEAN Community where all people, stakeholders and sectors of society can contribute to and enjoy the benefits from a more integrated and connected Community encompassing enhanced cooperation in the political-security, economic and socio-cultural pillars for sustainable, equitable and inclusive development;