Between 2013 and 2014, FORUM-ASIA documented 324 cases of violations and abuses against HRDs as well as new instances of restrictive legislation and policies affecting civil society in Asia. The documented violations and abuses range from intimidation, threats, physical assault, arbitrary arrest and detention, criminalisation, judicial harassment, disappearances, death threats and killings of human rights defenders and members of their family.
In this briefing paper, Civil Rights Defenders highlights the rapid spread of information and communications technology (ICT) in Vietnam, its transformative and empowering impact on human rights activism and access to information, and the government’s repressive response to Internet based activism.
Various processes have swept over Southeast Asia in the last four decades, producing pressures not only in the economic but also in the political and social milieus. When these processes congealed, transnational social movements (TSMs), which earlier had not paid much attention to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), began to give it more serious attention. This paper examines two TSMs, Migrant Forum in Asia, which already engages in international processes while also focusing on ASEAN, and the Task Force on ASEAN Migrant Workers, which was formed to respond specifically to newly opened regional spaces.
These refugees’ voices of concern are based on real fears, as the ongoing conflict threatens peoples’ lives and the situation on the ground in Burma indicates increased militarization by Burma Army as human rights violations continue with impunity, while a fragile peace process threatens the sustainable return of refugees with dignity and in safety. Furthermore, over 643,000 people remain internally displaced in Burma, some living in potential refugee return areas and the country’s so-called reform continues to backslide.
This Human Rights and Business Country Guide contains information regarding the potential and actual human rights impacts of businesses operating in Myanmar. The information in this Guide is gathered from publicly available sources and is intended to help companies respect human rights and contribute to development in their own operations and those of their suppliers and business partners.
By conducting this study, RWI aimed to shed light on the current situation on juvenile justice throughout ASEAN in hopes of contributing to bringing domestic norms and implementation in the region into compliance with international human rights standards. Increased regional cooperation and coordination on key cross-cutting issues can increase the potential to address urgent needs to reducethe number of children in conflict with the law and decrease the number of children deprived of liberty.
This publication is a compilation of studies on the National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) of Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, the Philippines and Thailand. It aims to assist indigenous peoples’ communities, organisations and advocates in establishing a better understanding of how these specific NHRIs operate and to seek opportunities for the integration of indigenous peoples’ rights in the work of these NHRIs.
This publication of the OHCHR Regional Office for South-East Asia comes at a very important juncture where there is a sense that the entire region is ‘moving away’ from capital punishment. Some States are fully abolitionist (Cambodia, Timor-Leste, and the Philippines), others are abolitionist in practice (Brunei Darussalam, Lao PDR, Myanmar), while others have an unofficial moratorium in place (Thailand). Some are undertaking important reductions in numbers of executions and other reforms (Singapore, Malaysia), while in others, the direction seems more uncertain (Indonesia, Vietnam). Fundamentally, it is a positive picture of progress and one consistent with the worldwide trend. The continuation of this trajectory should be encouraged so this region may eventually be free of capital punishment.
This report is based on an analysis of relevant provisions of the 2012 law and their application. It draws from interviews and focus group discussions conducted by Fortify Rights from October 2013 and March 2015 with 90 Myanmar residents living in Yangon and Bago Regions and Chin, Kachin, Rakhine, and Shan states.
Workers in Cambodia’s garment factories—frequently producing name-brand clothing sold mainly in the United States, the European Union, and Canada—often experience discriminatory and exploitative labor conditions. The combination of short-term contracts that make it easier to fire and control workers, poor government labor inspection and enforcement, and aggressive tactics against independent unions make it difficult for workers, the vast majority of whom are young women, to assert their rights.
This report on the human rights situation of indigenous peoples of Cambodia was prepared mainly from the contributions of indigenous peoples human rights defenders (IPHRDs) and NGOs in the country. This is an update to the AIPP publication Indigenous Peoples Human Rights Report in Asia – Cambodia, Thailand and Nepal: Towards Social Justice and Sustainable Peace published in 2006.
The assessment of Thai Lawyers for Human Rights (TLHR) is that protection of the right to a fair trial is key to ensuring justice. If the military judges and the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) intend to dismiss the principle, it indicates that the judges are willing to adjudicate based on unjust, rather than just, laws.
The continuing abuses against Thai agricultural workers documented in this report are a disturbing signal of the state’s failure to enforce its own laws, which among other things provide for a minimum wage, specify maximum working hours, allow for lawful strike actions and unionization, and outline specific details on worker accommodation.
This publication provides a legal analysis of the AHRD, which is intended to assess the extent to which it is consistent with international law and ASEAN Member States’ existing international legal obligations. It assumes that ASEAN will eventually develop a regional human rights convention similar to the American, African and European Conventions, and that the AHRD will form the basis of such a Convention.
The beginnings of an unprecedented democratic transition in Myanmar have come just as the spread of mobile phones and the internet is opening up massive new opportunities for communication and learning for the country's 50 million people.
The 67-page report, “30 Years of Hun Sen: Violence, Repression, and Corruption in Cambodia,” chronicles Hun Sen’s career from being a Khmer Rouge commander in the 1970s to his present role as prime minister and head of the ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP). The report details the violence, repression, and corruption that have characterized his rule under successive governments since 1985.
In the report, Missed Opportunities: Recommendations for Investigating the Disappearance of Sombath Somphone, which was co-authored by Michael Taylor QPM, a leading international investigator, the ICJ noted that despite the passage of two years since Sombath Somphone’s apparent enforced disappearance on December 15, 2012, very little information about the progress of investigation has been released to the public or his family.
Suaram urges the government to take immediate actions in stopping and reversing the above six major trends of human rights violations. This should include, but not limited to, a thorough and comprehensive law reform of all outdated legislations; legislate the necessary law such as freedom of information law, anti-torture law and refugee law; ratify all major international human rights treaties; establish the necessary independent institutions such as the Independent Police Complaint and Misconduct Commission and Equality Commission; put in place a National Human Rights Action Plan; carry out nation-wide human rights education program; etc.
This Report shows the daily struggle conducted by land rights defenders, often confronted to “economic predators” greedily supportive of unbridled development. Land rights defenders often live in isolated areas, far from actors of protection. These factors facilitate acts of violence against them, the level of violence being proportional to sky-rocketing profits
This new report from Forest Peoples Programme exposes the underlying cause of forest loss in Indonesia: the denial of the rights of the tens of thousands of customary law communities (‘indigenous peoples’) who inhabit the forests. Tracing this denial of rights back to the pre-colonial era, the study documents how the country’s legal and policy framework has systematically weakened forest peoples’ rights over time.